To not neglect the deworming of our pets is perhaps important to remember the conditions that can cause internal parasites to our pets and know the different antiparasitic treatments we can use.
Most important internal parasites for our pets, called endoparasites, are the helminths, better known as roundworms and tapeworms that affect both intestins and cardiopulmonary system. Besides these, we must not forget other agents such as giardia and protozoa, parasites that also affect the gastrointestinal tract, but smaller and not discernible to the naked eye.
Helminths (both tapeworms and roundworms) most significant are: Toxocara canis (dog) and Toxocara cati (cat), Ancylostoma caninum (dog) and Ancylostoma tubaeforme (cat), Dirofilaria immitis (dog and cat), Dipylidium caninum (dog and cat), Echinococcus granulosus (dog) and Echinococcus multilocularis (cat), Toxoplasma gondii (cat), Taenia sp. (Cat and Dog), Toxascaris leonina (dog and cat), Hairworm plica (cat) and Trichuris vulpis (dog).
The transmission of each parasite may be different, and their life cycle varies more or less according to the parasite, but in general, all pass through the stages of eggs, noninfective and infective larvae, and adult stage.
Infective forms are often the larvae and these tend to be eliminated at environment through animal feaces, then when an animal comes into contact with these feaces, ingests the infective form (larva) and it develops inside his body to the adult form . Another way of transmission to keep in mind is the transplacental route and galactogenic route (through mother's milk to puppies). A pregnant female can transmit these parasites to their fetuses and so the puppies are born already infected. We dewormed the mother during pregnancy to reduce the parasite load of puppies, because the consequences can be deadly because of their vulnerability, and deworming the puppies once they reach the proper age for the use of antiparasitic treatment. In this case, the treatment of choice is Panacur. The active substance is fenbendazole, and is effective against most intestinal worms, as well as for giardia. Treatment consists of three doses of anti-parasite syrup, one per day, on three consecutive days for puppies and adults, in pregnant females the pattern varies from day 40 of gestation until 2 days postpartum.
Some parasites may encyst in different organs and remain dormant without giving problems, and there are others who stay in the digestive tract of the animal and can express different symptoms, from diarrhea, weight loss, acute abdomen (swollen), anemia. Cardiopulmonary migrations, as the name suggests, give breathing signs of fatigue, weight loss, etc.
We must take into account a third way of infection related with intermediate hosts. What is this? Some parasites, to complete its life cycle and reach the adult form, need to go through the agency of other hosts who are not definitive as in the case of our dogs and cats. These hosts can be worms, rodents, birds, snails, etc. Then it will be ingesting these animals when our pets get infected. Hence in the case of hunting dogs or outdoor animals worming is recommended more frequently.
Also keep in mind that some of them can infect people who come into contact, children being the most sensitive, transmission occurs by direct contact with contaminated surfaces or with the same animal. Therefore it is also very important to deworm our pets.
There is a wide variety of products to treat our pets against internal parasites, even some of them combine both internal with external treatment.
MILBEMAX: Today is the treatment of choice for our dogs and cats. Milbemax gives us wide protection against the most common helminths can infest our pets. The recommended dosing schedule is a unique dose every three months. For hunting dogs may be recommended a monthly deworming. In cats the pattern is the same.
PROFENDER SPOT-ON: In the case of cats where the complication of using pills often make treatments impossible we have the option of internal deworming with Profender spot-on. It is applied to the skin between the two scapulae as a conventional spot-on so that the animal can not lick.
BROADLINE: The broadline is one of the latest generation antiparasitic we find the combination of internal and external treatment in one product. It is applied on the skin, as classical spot-on, but the packaging is different, as a syringe. It is applied on the skin between the two shoulder blades and become useful both for deworming and protecting against fleas and ticks. Each spot-on has a monthly effectiveness.
Do not hesitate to visit us and we will answer any questions to help you choose the treatment method that best suits you and your pet! See you soon!